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Репатриация из Северной Америки and Canada




North American РепатриацияApproximately 110,000 North American immigrants live in Israel. There has been a steady flow of olimиз Северной Америки since Israel’s inception in 1948. Record numbers arrived in the late 1960s after the Six-Day War, and in the 1970s. Like Western European olim, North Americans tend to immigrate to Israel more for religious, ideological and political purposes, and not financial ones.[22] Nefesh B'Nefesh, founded in 2002 by Rabbi Yehoshua Fass and Tony Gelbart, works to encourage Репатриация из Северной Америки and the UK by providing financial assistance, employment services and streamlined governmental procedures. Nefesh B’Nefesh works in cooperation with the Jewish Agency and the Правительство Израиля in increasing the numbers of North American and UK olim. Many immigrants began arriving in Israel after the First and Second Intifada, with a total of 3,052 arriving in 2005 — the highest number since 1983. In 2009, aliyahиз Северной Америки was at its highest level in 36 years; a total of 3,324 North Americans immigrated to Israel.[23]

A group of students at Brandeis University founded ImpactРепатриация in 2007 to support campus communities of student pre-olim and run pilot trips to Israel.

[edit] From the 1990sSince the mid 1990s, there has been a steady stream of South African Jews, American Jews, and French Jews who have either made aliyah, or purchased property in Israel for potential future immigration. Specifically, many French Jews have purchased homes in Israel as insurance due to the rising rate of anti-Semitism in France in recent years.[24][25]

The Bnei Menashe Jews from India, whose recent discovery and recognition by mainstream Judaism as descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes is subject to some controversy, slowly started their Репатриация in the early 1990s and continue arriving in slow numbers.[26]

Organizations such as Nefesh B'Nefesh and Shavei Israel help with aliyah by supporting financial aid and guidance on a variety of topics such as finding work, learning Hebrew, and assimilation into Israeli culture.

In early 2007 Haaretz reported that aliyah for the year of 2006 was down approximately 9% from 2005. They state that: "Only 19,264 people immigrated to Israel in 2006, down nine percent from 2005. It is the lowest number of immigrants recorded since 1988"[27]

The number of new immigrants in 2007 was 18,127, the lowest since 1988. Only 36% of these new immigrants came from the former Soviet Union (close to 90% in the 90's) while the number of immigrants from countries like France and USA is stable.[28]

Shalom Life reported that over 19,000 new immigrants arrived in Israel in 2010, and increase of 16 percent over 2009. Some 16,465 immigrants arrived in Israel in 2009 and 15,452 in 2008.[29]

Source: wikibedia.com

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