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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Туризм_in_Israel

Туризм in Israel is one of the country's major sources of income, with 3.45 million tourist arrivals in 2010.[1] Israel offers a plethora of historical and religious sites, beach resorts, archaeological tourism, heritage tourism and ecotourism. Israel has the highest number of museums per capita in the world.[2] The most popular paid tourist attraction is Masada.[3] Most tourists visit from the United States, Russia, Germany, France, and theUnited Kingdom.[4]

 

[edit]Most-visited cities in Israel

Иерусалим

§  With 2,215,000 tourist arrivals in 2009, one of the oldest cities in the world,

§  the capital[i], and largest city of Israel is also the most-visited city in Israel; as a holy city to the three major Abrahamic religions-Judaism, Christianity and Islam, it has a myriad of historical, archeological, religious and sundry other attractions.[5]

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/The_Exterior_of_the_hotel.jpg/200px-The_Exterior_of_the_hotel.jpg Modern Иерусалим

§  Many of them are in the Old City of Иерусалим, traditionally divided into four quarters: Armenian Quarter, Christian Quarter, Muslim Quartersnd Jewish Quarter. Most importantly, the Temple Mount (known in Arabic as Haram ash-sharīf, the Noble Sanctuary), site of the ancientTemple in Иерусалим with only the Western Wall at its foot remaining, and now with the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque.

Other places in East Иерусалим are the Mount of Olives: with its lookout point, Tomb of Absalom, a 2000 year old Jewish cemetery, and churches, Gethsemane, church of all nations, Dominus Flevit, and the Church of Maria Magdalene (Russian orthodox church). Various locations have been proposed as the Tomb of Jesus, traditionally identified as where the Church of the Holy Sepulchre stands. Nor hasGolgotha, the nearby hill where he was crucified been located. Immediately south of the Jewish Quarter lies the City of David with archeological digs including Hezekiah's Tunnel.

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/OldCityJerusalem01_ST_06.JPG/200px-OldCityJerusalem01_ST_06.JPG Arab market. Old City of Иерусалим

§  West Иерусалим is the newer part of Иерусалим, built mainly after the creation of Israel in 1948. Some spots:

§  The German Colony, a Temple Society settlement, with a colourful mix of architectural styles.

§  Mea Shearim, established in the nineteenth century and inhabited largely by ultra-Orthodox Haredi Jews, retains the flavor of an East European shtetl.

§  Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial museum.

Ein Karem, the traditional birthplace of John the Baptist, is one of the four most visited Christian pilgrimage sites in Israel.

[6] Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3e/Temple_Mount_Western_Wall_on_Shabbat_by_David_Shankbone.jpg/200px-Temple_Mount_Western_Wall_on_Shabbat_by_David_Shankbone.jpgThe Western Wall and Dome of the Rockin Old City of Иерусалим

§  Mt. Zion, the traditional resting place of King David.

§  Mt. Scopus, site of the Hebrew University and standing at 2710 feet above sea level, offers a panoramic view of the city. Both the Temple Mount and the Dead Sea are visible from this location.

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Vista_general_de_Masada.jpg/200px-Vista_general_de_Masada.jpgMasada

 

Тель-Авив

§  With 1,676,000 tourist arrivals in 2009, it is Israel's second-largest city, and a cosmopolitan, cultural and financial global city. [5] The city'sgreater area is the largest with 3 million inhabitants. Тель-Авив exhibits a Unesco world heritage area of Bauhaus architecture. Nearby historical city of Jaffa is experiencing a touristic boom. In 2010, National Geographic ranked Тель-Авив as one of the world's ten best beach cities.[7]

 

 

Safed

§  A holy city in Judaism where much of the Иерусалим Talmud was written and kabbalah (Jewish mysticism) was developed. Famous for its artisans. The grave of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai in nearby Meron.

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a1/KeremNaftali_View2HulaNationalReserve.jpg/200px-KeremNaftali_View2HulaNationalReserve.jpg

Hula Valley in northern Israel

Acre

§  (Bahá'í) Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh, resting place of Bahá'u'lláh as well as a Unesco world heritage historical town.

Haifa

§  Carmel

§  (Bahá'í) Shrine of the Báb, its associated terraces, and the Bahá'í World Centre and the buildings (a Unesco world heritage).

 

Tiberias

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/09/PikiWiki_Israel_5247_See_of_Galilee.JPG/200px-PikiWiki_Israel_5247_See_of_Galilee.JPGAn aerial view of the Sea of Galilee

§  A holy city in Judaism, on west bank of the freshwater Sea of Galilee.

§  Saint Peter's house at Capernaum, Tabgha and the Mount of Beatitudes.

Nazareth

§  Jesus's hometown and the site of many of his reported acts and miracles.

§  Many churches, including The Church of the Annunciation, the largest Christian church building in the Middle East. In Roman Catholictradition, it marks the site where the Archangel Gabriel announced the future birth of Jesus to the Virgin Mary (Luke 1:26-31).

§  Starting point for the Jesus Trail, a network of hiking routes connecting many sites from Jesus's life and ministry.

 

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e0/Ruins_of_the_Ancient_Synagogue_at_Bar%27am.jpg/200px-Ruins_of_the_Ancient_Synagogue_at_Bar%27am.jpgAncient Synagogue at Bar'am National Park

 

Bet She'an

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/be/Gan_Hashlosha_National_Park_Pool1_200704.JPG/200px-Gan_Hashlosha_National_Park_Pool1_200704.JPGNatural warm pool at Gan HaShlosha National Park

 

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e1/Scythopolis4_by_Yukatan.jpg/200px-Scythopolis4_by_Yukatan.jpgRuins of Scythopolis, Beit Shean

§  A Roman Decapolis city. One of the largest archaeological sites in the Middle East.

Be'ersheba

§  Its settlement attributed to the patriarch Abraham. Regional capital of the Negev desert. It serves as a starting point for exploring such sites as the Ramon Crater or the Unesco world heritage Nabathean Incense Route (Shivta, Avdat, Mamshit).

Eilat

 

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8a/Eilat2.jpg/200px-Eilat2.jpgEilat seaside resort on the Red Sea

§  The southernmost city in Israel, on the Red Sea coast, it is a hot, sunny year-round travel destination. Popular destination for skin and scuba diving, with equipment for hire on or near all major beaches.

Caesarea

§  The old city includes Roman and Crusader ruins, such as the amphitheatre (where concerts are frequently held), as well as the harbor from which St. Paul was taken as a prisoner to Rome.

§  The grassy golf club and villas are newly developed in this coastal city, which has become increasing popular to tourists.

[edit]Archaeological tells

The country abounds in archaeological tells. Tel Be'er Sheva, Tel Hazor and Tel Megiddo (the site of Armageddon) were recognized as Unesco world heritage sites. They exhibit elaborate water systems that are among the earliest in the world.

[edit]National parks and nature reserves

Main article: National parks and nature reserves of Israel

Israel has 67 national parks and 190 nature reserves. Some of them are located at archaeological sites. Beit Guvrin-Maresha is a large archaeological complex in the Judean Mountains. Tzippori is an ancient Roman town with elaborate mosaics and a historic synagogue. Ein Gedi, a desert spring, is a starting point for tours to Masada and the Dead Sea.

[edit]Hiking trails

§  Israel National Trail - a hiking path that crosses the entire country of Israel. Its northern end is at Dan, near the Lebanese border in the far north of the country, and it extends to Eilat at the southernmost tip of Israel on the Red Sea, a length of approximately 940 km (580 mi). The trail takes about 30–70 days to finish if hiked continuously.

§  Иерусалим Trail - 40 km trail, connects the Israel National Trail with Иерусалим and the area of the Old City.

§  Jesus Trail - a 65 km hiking and pilgrimage route in the Galilee region of Israel that traces routes Jesus may have walked, connecting many sites from his life and ministry. The trail begins in Nazareth, and passes through Sepphoris, Cana (Kafr Kanna), the Horns of Hattin, Mount Arbel Cliffs, the Sea of Galilee, Capernaum, Tabgha, the Mount of Beatitudes, Tiberias, the Jordan River, Mount Tabor, and Mount Precipice.

§  Golan Trail - a 125 km route from the slopes of Mt. Hermon to the southern Golan Heights. It passes many towns and settlements including Majdal Shams, Nimrod, Masade, Buq'ata,Odem, Merom Golan, and Ein Zivan.

§  Valley of Springs Trail - a 120 km route in and around the Jordan Valley, terminating in Beit She'an and on Mount Gilboa near Кибуц Meirav. The trail connects numerous springs (for which the area is famous) and other historical and natural attractions.

[edit]Кибуцim

A network of kibbutzim dot the countryside, some offering guesthouses and country lodging. They are undergoing a process of modernization and re-organization. Well known in Israel for great contributions to Israeli history, politics, army, and Zionism.

[edit]Museums

Main article: List of museums in Israel

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Иерусалим-TowerOfDavid_004.jpg/250px-Иерусалим-TowerOfDavid_004.jpg

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Tower of David Museum

With over 200 museums, Israel has the highest number of museums per capita in the world, with millions of visitors annually.[8]

§  Israel Museum in Иерусалим, Israel's national museum, attracts 800,000 visitors a year.[9]

§  Tower of David Museum of the History of Иерусалим

§  Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust memorial

§  Тель-Авив Museum of Art

§  Diaspora Museum

§  Haifa Museum of Science and Technology

[edit]Hot springs

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Hot_springs_in_Hamat_Gader.jpg/250px-Hot_springs_in_Hamat_Gader.jpg

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Hamat Gader hot springs

§  Hamat Gader

§  Tiberias hot springs

[edit]West Bank tourism

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Hebron001.JPG/250px-Hebron001.JPG

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Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron

See also: Туризм in the Palestinian territories

West Bank tourism has been administered by Israel since the beginning of its occupation in 1967.[10] Territory that had been off-limits to Israeli citizens were now made available for tourism, and Israel established numerous amenities in these territories and East Иерусалим to make it more appealing to Israeli and foreign tourists.[11] Despite that, Israeli citizens are generally restricted from traveling to parts of the West Bank under Palestinian authority control.[12] Today, The Palestinian Authority and Israeli tourism ministries work together on tourism in the Palestinian territories in a Joint Committee on Туризм.[13]

§  Bethlehem - Burial place of the matriarch Rachel and birthplace of King David and of Jesus. Around 1.3 million tourists visited the city in 2008.[14] Popular sites in the city and around include: Church of the Nativity, A church built over the cave that tradition marks as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth, The Manger Square, Shepherd's Field in Beit Sahour, Solomon's Pools and the Salesian Cremisan Monastery.[10][15]

§  Herodium - A fortress built by Herod the Great. It is administered by the Israel Nature and Parks Authority.[15]

§  Hebron - The second-holiest city in Judaism and the place where the Tomb of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs is located, according to Jewish and Islamic tradition. It was also the capital of the Kingdom of Judah before David moved it to Иерусалим.

§  Jericho - Туризм increased by nearly 42.3% in the first three quarters of 2008 as crossing between areas under PA control and Israel became less restricted.[16]

[edit]Golan Heights tourism

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Hermonx.JPG/250px-Hermonx.JPG

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Mount Hermon ski resort

The Golan Heights were captured by Israel from Syrian in the 1967 Six-Day War and are recognized by the international community asSyrian territory held by Israel under military occupation.[17] In an act ruled null and void by the United Nations Security Council, Israel applied civilian law to the territory in 1981.[18]

For ease of touring, the Golan can be divided into the north with most of its popular destinations and the south where the administrative capital is located. Travel guides recommend renting a car or joining an organized tour. Although it is slower, some travelers chose to hitchhike throughout the region.[19] Accommodations are typically through bed and breakfasts or cabins called zimmers.[20]

The first Israeli ski resort was established in the Golan.[21] Nature trails and other attractions were established by Israel in order to further entrench its presence in the territory and to attract tourists.[11] As much of the Golan's land is not arable, many of the Israeli settlementsestablished focused on tourism as a way generating income.[22]

§  The Golan has national parks which provide extensive hiking options. Most of these are maintained by the Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Land mines from previous wars pose a risk when clearly marked and fenced off areas are disregarded.[20]

§  The Mount Hermon ski resort is popular during the winter months.[23] This is the first ski resort in the Israeli annexed Golan.[21]

§  The area produces wine and the Golan Heights Winery is a large producer. The winery has a visitor's center and tours.[23]

§  Archaeology in Katzrin, Gamla, Nimrod Fortress, Rujm el-Hiri

[edit]Seas and lakes

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Anthia_goldfish.JPG/250px-Anthia_goldfish.JPG

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Red Sea coral and marine fish in Eilat

Mediterranean coastal strip

§  Sunny beaches and hotel resorts

Dead sea

§  The lowest point on the Earth's surface and the deepest hypersaline lake in the world, famous for its buoyancy and medicinal qualities

Red Sea

§  Sunny beaches and hotel resorts, popular destination for SCUBA diving and water sports

Sea of Galilee

§  Sunny beaches and hotel resorts

§  Important Christian holy sites such as Mount of Beatitudes

[edit]Dive tourism

See also: Israeli Diving Federation

Eilat is located in the Gulf of Aquaba, one of the most popular diving destinations in the world. The coral reefs along Eilat's coast remain relatively pristine and the area is recognized as one of the prime diving locations in the world.[24] About 250,000 dives are performed annually in Eilat's 11 km coastline, and diving represents 10% of the tourism income of this area.[25]In addition, given the proximity of many of these reefs to the shore, non-divers can encounter the Red Sea's reefs with relative ease.[24] Water conditions for SCUBA divers are good all year round, with water temperatures around 21-25 C°, with little or no currents and clear waters with an average of 20–30 meters visibility.

[edit]Medical tourism

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/PikiWiki_Israel_5601_dead_sea.jpg/250px-PikiWiki_Israel_5601_dead_sea.jpg

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The Dead Sea

Main article: Medical tourism in Israel

Israel is emerging as a popular destination for medical tourists.[26] In 2006, 15,000 foreigners travelled to the country for medical procedures, bringing in $40 million of revenue.[26] The advantages of Israel for health tourism include good natural resources; stable, comfortable climate all year round; a progressive medical systems, and scenic locations which have a calming effect on patients.[27]Medical tourists choose Israel for several reasons. Some come from European nations such as Romania where certain procedures are not available. Others come to Israel, most commonly from the United States, because they can receive quality health care at a fraction of the cost it would be at home, for both surgeries and in-vitro fertilization treatments. Other medical tourists come to Israel to visit the Dead Sea, a world-famous therapeutic resort.[26] The Israel Ministry of Туризм and several professional medical services providers have set out to generate awareness of Israel's medical capabilities.[28]

[edit]Tourist demographics and economic contribution

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Caesarea-S-109.jpg/300px-Caesarea-S-109.jpg

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Caesarea

According to the Israeli Ministry of Туризм, in 2009 54% of the 2.7 million visitors to Israel were Christian. Jewish tourists accounted for 39%. Revenue from tourism in 2009 totalled $ 3.3 billion.[29] In 2010, tourism constituted 6.4% of the country's GDP.[30] TheWorld Travel and Туризм Council estimates that real GDP growth for tourism in Israel is expected to average 5.0% per annum over the years 2010-2020. The contribution of tourism to Gross Domestic Product is expected by WTTC to rise from 6.4% (US$12.0 billion) in 2010 to 7.2% ($22.1 billion) by 2020.[30] The contribution of the industry to employment is 223,000 jobs in 2010, 7.9% of total employment.[30] Export earnings from international visitors and tourism goods are expected to generate 6.5% of total exports (US $4.8 billion) in 2010.[30] Investment in tourism is estimated at US $2.3 billion or 7.6% of total investment in 2010.[30] The Israel Travel & Туризм economy is ranked number 51 in absolute size worldwide, of the 181 countries estimated by the WTTC.[30]

[edit]International recognition and awards

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f5/Nahal_arugot.jpg/250px-Nahal_arugot.jpg

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Nahal Arugot waterfall in Ein Gedi

In 2005, Ernst & Young conducted a comprehensive research study on Israeli tourism. The report, entitled "A New Market Strategy for Israeli Туризм" was published in November 2006. The researchers felt that increasing the number of international tourists by 2011 from 1.9 million to 4–5 million was a feasible goal. The report stated that Israel's most attractive feature for international markets was its religious culture and history and the great diversity it offers within a very small country.[31] According to the researchers, Israel's different cultures and religions, its diverse landscapes, the contrasts between cities (Иерусалим, Тель-Авив), and combination of European and Middle Eastern culture produced a "very high density of experience." The report recommended that Israel adopt appropriate marketing strategies to counter any perceived negative imagery associated with political developments.

In 2010, Israel won the title of "most outstanding stand" in all categories at the world's largest tourism fair, ITB, held in Berlin. The Israeli stand won the title of "best presenter" in the Near East and Middle East for the third time in a row.[32]

[edit]Most visited sites

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/TerracesBenGurion2.jpg/250px-TerracesBenGurion2.jpg

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The Shrine of the Báb at the Bahá'í World Centre, in Haifa

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c8/%D7%AA%D7%9E%D7%95%D7%A0%D7%94_1141.jpg/250px-%D7%AA%D7%9E%D7%95%D7%A0%D7%94_1141.jpg

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Syrian brown bears in Иерусалим Biblical Zoo

In 2009, the two most visited sites in Israel were the Western Wall and the grave of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai.[33

·          http://www.jerusalem.muni.il/jer_main/defaultnew.asp?lng=2

·         http://tour.jerusalem.muni.il/eng/

·         http://www.gojerusalem.com/

·         http://www.mynet.co.il/home/0,7340,L-5423,00.html



Israel ministry of tourism

·         http://www.goisrael.com/tourism_eng


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